Dental panoramic X-ray
Dental care of babies and children
Besides, we are of course ready to take upon the complete dental treatment of your child from a very early age, embracing the sealing of pit and fissure as well as the treatment of decayed deciduous teeth. You can turn towards us with confidence.
Crowns and fixed partial dentures (a.k.a. bridges)
Restoration of critically damaged teeth
In case the tooth is damaged to the extent that it cannot be restored by applying a filling or an inlay, we prepare a crown. Provided the replacement bridges a tooth gap, it is called a fixed partial denture (a.k.a. bridge). The patient’s own teeth or the implants (artificial roots) replacing them may constitute the abutments of the bridge. Crowns and bridges are basically stable dentures fixed with adhesive cement, enabling full biting and an aesthetic appearance. They are categorised into two major subgroups: ceramics burnt on a framework made from metal or zirconium dioxide. Basically, the difference between the two procedures is that, although no distinction can be drawn in endurance and reliability, zirconium dioxide represents a higher standard regarding aesthetics. A device trims the framework by high-precision computer-aided (CAD/CAM) scanning. The framework does not shine metallic but white, so it does not exert negative influence on the transparency of the porcelain placed on it. This ceramic material, or a golden framework, is used in the case of metal allergy. Its disadvantage is that it is more expensive than bridges prepared the traditional way.
With the previous phases concluded, the preparation of a crown or a fixed partial denture follows suit. After applying the usual general anaesthesia, the dentist prepares the teeth by grinding them to the required shape and, if needed, complementing the tooth stumps with an aesthetic or cast metal post. Subsequently a precision impression is taken, and forwarded to the dental laboratory for further processing, which is a positive analogue of the formulae found in the mouth. At the same time a temporary crown or bridge is designed, protecting the ground teeth from ware. The fit-on test of the framework takes place during the next round, at which the dentist controls the precision of the work. If everything is found correct, a ceramic veneer is applied at the next sitting. A matte trial specimen is often prepared here, with the veneer not obtaining its final shine, but the height of the prosthesis as well as the shape and tone of teeth can be checked. The tooth is fixed with special cement at the last stage.
As pointed out before, this procedure, carried out with the utmost precision, saves a plethora of precious time for the patient and the dentist as well, given that dental technical works are conducted and fixed/cemented in the course of the same sitting.
Restoration of major damages
In cases the tooth is chipped or a larger proportion of it is affected by decay, we restore the tooth by applying a filling (or, alternatively, inlay – called an onlay when replacing the corners of the tooth as well). Fillings can be made from gold alloy, porcelain or plastic. The dental technician prepares the missing part of the tooth under laboratory conditions. Thanks to this procedure such fillings are stronger and much more durable than traditional ones of similar size, and much less tooth material needs to be removed than by the preparation of crowns.
After removing decay or the old filling we reshape the tooth cavity along predetermined criteria and take a precise impression of the tooth. The inlay is prepared based on the impressions in our dental laboratory. During the laboratory works we apply a temporary filling to the tooth. When finalised, we remove the temporary filling and cement the inlay into the tooth cavity. The procedure takes at least two occasions.
To achieve maximum precision, we apply Aquasil/Dentsply material when taking impressions and we favour the use of Procera Gradia material in our dental laboratory.
Replacement of missing teeth with titanium artificial roots
By applying dental implants, our experts are able to complement lost teeth without hardly any compromises. They offer a solution for those with one or more lost teeth, if one does not want to smooth the teeth bordering the dental gap. Implants (a.k.a. artificial roots) are in most cases made of one of the alloys of titanium that is perfectly biocompatible, implying that the chance of rejection is minimal.
Our experts make room for the implant by using a device similar to a dental drill. After the closure of the wound, the patient is given thorough instructions. After the healing period the implant can be burdened, which means that the partial denture can be attached to it. We provide you with several top-quality implants you can opt for, with our dentist assisting you in your choice.
The insertion of the artificial root is a completely painless procedure, preceded by elaborate planning. By applying local anaesthesia, we prepare the area where the sterile artificial root can easily be driven. After the closure of the wound, the patient is given thorough instructions. Following the healing period the implant can be burdened, which means that the bridge can be attached to it, according to the description in chapter “Crowns and fixed partial dentures (a.k.a. bridges)” (see above). In some cases immediate implantation is possible. This time the artificial root is instantaneously burdened, and a temporary crown is prepared to fit onto the head of the implant.
These surgical interventions are conducted by our specialists who possess extensive professional experience in oral surgery as well as implantation. They readily lend assistance, so that the patient can make the perfect choice from several top-quality implants.
Correction of aesthetically or functionally imperfect dentures
Many think that orthodontics is a kind of a plastic surgery. It is evident that a perfect smile and a well-arranged denture render everyone confident. However, it is very important to know that the main goal of orthodontics is basically the restoration of appropriate masticatory pattern, and invariably the achievement of perfect functioning. As for children, the initial examinations are worth commencing right after their milk teeth have erupted, and real orthodontics, with an appliance that can be taken in and out, can yield good results during the period of exfoliation/shedding already. Be it either children or adults, after one has changed their old and useful deciduous teeth to permanent ones, one can generally rely on a fixed orthodontic appliance. Our orthodontist will always be on hand for our patients to make their ideal choice from several types of appliances, and will prepare a long-term treatment scheme following an elaborate planning. Please, be prepared that in order that we jointly achieve a really spectacular and enduring result, you are supposed to help your dentist’s work by thorough cleaning, great attention and, last but not least, persistence.
As regards children, the first examinations are reasonable to take place after the eruption of primary/milk teeth. Good results can be achieved taking use of real orthodontia by means of a removable appliance. At this stage the little patients simultaneously have deciduous and permanent teeth. After we change our milk teeth for deciduous ones, patients can generally reckon with fixed braces, be them children or adults. From a dentist’s point of view practically everyone is handled as an adult whose jaws stopped growing and who are, except for third molars, over the tooth transition period. It is of course possible to apply orthodontia at the age of majority, i.e. beyond the legal 18 years of age. What is more, this is becoming more and more commonplace, because an aesthetic difference (tooth crowding/compression, ectopia etc.) starts disturbing the patient only in emerging or full-fledged adulthood. Possible aberrations in chewing are inclined to stay undetected before this stage. To the patients’ luck as long as bones suitable for remodelling are present in their bodies, the possibility to apply orthodontia presents itself, so there is no upper age limit to set. Fixed appliances in these cases are deemed aesthetic, and the orthodontic brace slots, the so called brackets, can be made from ceramic, not exclusively metal. Moreover, brackets can be attached to the inside of teeth as well. How much time is consumed by a treatment? Well, it varies from patient to patient, so careful planning is each and every time preceded by an all-embracing consultation.
Our orthodontist will always be on hand for our patients to make their ideal choice from several types of appliances, and will prepare a long-term treatment scheme following an elaborate planning. Please, be prepared that in order that we jointly achieve a really spectacular and enduring result, you are supposed to help your dentist’s work by thorough cleaning, great attention and, last but not least, persistence.
The biggest advantage of Clear aligners is that they are almost invisible, so they can be a beneficial solution for those who prioritise the most aesthetic orthodontic treatment available.
Root canal treatment
Painless treatment of inflamed teeth
Root canal treatment is a continuously developing discipline of tooth-saving. By the application of this procedure, even the teeth doomed to be extracted can be saved. The most common cause of the infection or inflammation of the pulp (the blood vessels and nerves netting the tooth), or, the “death” of the tooth, which most often develops because of deep decay. The patient complains of masticatory sensitivity or toothache. Bacteria proliferate really fast in dead tissues, followed by the spread of the inflammatory process through the roots. The aim of root canal treatment is the cleansing of the inside of the tooth (the pulp and the roots) and its complete and hermetic closure.
Root canal treatment is basically a painless procedure but it has to be taken into consideration that the anaesthesia of inflamed teeth often requires the intake of an anaesthetic solution, and more patience from the sides of the treated and the dentist as well. The first step is the taking of a periapical x-ray and the above-mentioned anaesthesia. After removing the decayed, softened dental material we explore and clean out the root canals manually or by way of mechanical instruments. Between the single treatments we prepare a tight and sterilising temporary filling. When the tooth becomes complaint-free, we apply the final root canal filling. The point of such a filling is that it fills up the whole length of the root canal. The successful root canal treatment of a single tooth may take weeks or even months, requiring truly precise and painstaking work
At our clinic we use X-Smart root canal expansion system and Formatron D10 root canal length measuring devices for the convenience of our patients, and to ensure utmost precision.
Aesthetic fillings made of composite material
Restoration of minor damages
Composites are the state-of-the-art fillings available for repairing damaged (chipped incisal border, impaired enamel) or slightly decayed teeth. These materials can be used in front teeth as well as molars, allowing the perfect restoration of their original shape as well as colour.
The procedure takes place most of the time under general anaesthesia, so it is absolutely painless. During the shaping of cavities, a minimal amount of intact dental tissue is required to be removed, in order that the filling has appropriate hold. The filling material is inserted into this cavity and then it is rendered solid by photopolymerisation technique, i.e. after being exposed to light of adequate wavelength. Finally it is given its final shape and polished to a high shine, with the aim of avoiding the irritation of the tongue or soft tissues and the possibility of a subsequent deposit of plaque. The procedure takes a single occasion only.
At our clinic we use Gradia GC, one of the most modern materials available on the market, made in Japan. Our dentists use this type of material with great expertise and satisfaction.